Disaster risk reduction

Paris Agreement Ratification and Entry into Force: Practical Considerations for Africa

31 Oct 2016 by Daisy Mukarakate, Climate Change Policy Advisor

178792-486Photo credit: UN Photo/Tim Mckulka
The historic Paris Agreement on climate change will enter into force on Friday 4 November 2016, a month after the threshold was met of at least 55 countries representing at least 55 percent of the total global emissions depositing their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession to the international treaty. 14 African countries contributing 1.29 percent of total global emissions, and top emitters such as the United States of America, China and India were among the 75 states that helped secure the deal’s entry into force by covering 58.2 percent of total emissions. As of 25 October 2016, 16 African countries have ratified the Agreement, committing to take bold national actions to address climate change and its effects. What does ratification mean for Parties? In the run up to the 2015 Paris Climate Change Conference, countries communicated to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Secretariat their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs). These are voluntary climate targets that each country intends to meet from 2020 onwards to contribute towards reducing global emissions and adapting to climate change to reduce poverty and vulnerability. Once a country ratifies the Paris Agreement these intentions become legally binding commitments, and the state is expected … Read more

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