28 Mar 2016
Anti-corruption initiatives must be an integral part of national development plans.
Over the past 15 years, almost every African country - some willingly, others under duress - has embarked on wide-ranging reforms aimed at strengthening state accountability and eradicating corruption.
But despite these efforts, corruption persists, as evidenced by multiple indices. Transparency International’s 2015 Corruption Perception Index (CPI), which estimates perceived levels of public sector corruption based on expert opinion, reveals that 40 out Sub-Saharan Africa’s 46 States have a “serious problem” with corruption”. The continent’s powerhouses such as Nigeria and South Africa are among them, while Somalia tops the ranking as the world’s most corrupt country.
States do not fare any better with their own publics. A 2011-2013 Afrobarometer survey which consulted 51,000 people in 34 African countries, found the continent’s population overwhelmingly skeptical about national anti-corruption measures. 56 percent of respondents stated their country did a "fairly bad” or “very bad" job countering corruption, while only 35 percent said their governments had done “well” or “very well”.
The trust deficit between the state and the public is worsened when Anti-Corruption Agencies are seen as set up in response to external pressure, and kept deliberately weak with a lack of qualified personnel and material resources, and funded at the Executive’s discretion …