06 Apr 2016
Photo: UNDP GC-REAL
As severe droughts across the Horn of Africa become more frequent and enduring, the need for at-risk communities to build resilience to natural disasters becomes more urgent. But what is resilience in the first place?
Varying definitions among stakeholders and organizations result in uncoordinated implementation, as well as difficulties in monitoring, measuring and verifying the success, or failure, of resilience-building initiatives.
To help gain clarity and make these interventions relevant to target groups, UNDP, through its Global Policy Centre on Resilient Ecosystems and Desertification, created in 2010 the Community Based Resilience Analysis (CoBRA) methodology and tool, enabling relief and development actors to solicit open and frank local views and perspectives on the key contributing factors for community and household resilience.
CoBRA defines people’s views and perspectives about their needs in resilience building. It cuts out the bureaucratic and technical views that so often end up in documents only as theoretical concepts, and brings the needs and opinions of at-risk populations to the forefront of policymaking.
By using non-technical open-ended questionnaires with clear references to everyday life, we enable respondents to describe in simple terms what they believe resilience to be, for example, “being able to feed my family adequately every day.”