Exploring the Role of Social Protection in Enhancing Food Security in Africa
In spite of remarkable economic and social progress in the region, food security remains challenging in many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa. West Africa’s Sahel region has proven particularly vulnerable, having experienced two severe food crises less than five years apart (in 2005 and 2010).
Social protection policies seek to reduce the vulnerability of individuals and communities, both in the short and long-term. These programmes are constantly evolving (as is the conceptual debate on the subject) while new methodologies are developed to assess their benefits. Programmes range from the response to transitory shocks such as economic crises and weather shocks, to the prevention and reduction of chronic poverty, and the provision of social justice for the marginalized.