6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Where are we?

 UNDP Picture This Ghana
Photo: Mark Tuschman/UNDP Picture This
  • In Africa, the number of people dying of AIDS-related causes fell to 1.2 million in 2010, down from a peak of 2.2 million in the mid-2000s.
  • Annual new HIV infections declined from 2.4 million in 2001 to 1.8 million in 2011.
  • An estimated 655,000 people died from malaria in 2010, 91 per cent of them in Africa and 86 per cent of them children under age 5.

In Africa, unprecedented gains have been achieved in reducing the number of both adults and children newly infected with HIV, in lowering the numbers of people dying from AIDS-related causes and in implementing enabling policy frameworks that accelerate progress. Ten countries with generalized epidemics, including three from Africa (Botswana, Namibia and Rwanda), have attained universal access to antiretroviral therapy (coverage of at least 80 per cent of the population in need), spurring a new hope in countries and communities across the world.

HIV/AIDS statistics in selected regions

Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region most severely affected by HIV/AIDS, with nearly 1 in 20 adults (4.9 per cent) living with HIV, accounting for 69 per cent of the people living with HIV worldwide. While the magnitude of the disease remains critical for resource allocation, policy interventions are having a positive impact.

Africa has seen substantial progress in reducing prevalence, incidence and death associated with malaria and, to a lesser degree, tuberculosis (TB). On average, the proportion of households in Sub-Saharan Africa owning at least one mosquito net increased dramatically over 2000–2011, from 3 per cent to 53 per cent, and held at about 53 per cent in 2012. Moreover, household surveys indicate that 96 per cent of people with access to a net in the household use it. Over 2010–2011, Africa’s TB incidence declined 3.1 per cent, compared with just 2.2 per cent globally. This unfortunately is not matched by TB mortality rates, which fell at an annual average of 1.5 per cent over 1990–2010.

UNDP's work in Africa

Targets for MDG6
  1. Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use at last high-risk sex
    • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
    • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs