6 Develop a global partnership for development

Where are we?

Launch of RIO+ World Center for Sustainable Development, 24 June 2013, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Photo: Diego Amorim/RIO+
  • Official Development Assistance (ODA) to Sub-Saharan Africa is expected to decline from $36.4 billion in 2012 to $36.3 billion by 2016.
  • Between 2011 and 2012, bilateral ODA to Africa fell 9.9 per cent in real terms.

Establishing a global partnership for development is critical for realizing the MDGs. Specifically, providing ODA to developing countries is an important source of finance for the MDG interventions, and thus their progress. As a percentage of their combined gross national incomes, ODA to developing countries and least developed countries in general declined 4 per cent in real terms in 2012 following a 3 per cent decline in 2011.

In real terms, bilateral ODA to Africa also declined in 2012. Total ODA to all African landlocked developing countries increased an average of only 2 per cent in nominal terms over 2009–2010. These trends can be attributed in part to the sovereign debt crisis and are likely to continue into 2016.

Developed country imports from developing countries remained largely unchanged in 2010. However, Africa’s progress on information and communications technology is encouraging. The growing importance of the Internet, expanding use of mobile phones and swelling telecommunications investments in Africa have improved the continent’s information and communications technology landscape.

UNDP's work in Africa

1.36 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG8
  1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
    • Developing countries gain greater access to the markets of developed countries
    • Least developed countries benefit most from tariff reductions, especially on their agricultural products
  2. Address the special needs of least developed countries
    • Net Official development assistance (ODA), total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income
    • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  3. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Official development assistance (ODA) received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national income
    • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  4. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
    • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
    • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
    • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  5. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  6. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
    • Telephone lines per 100 population
    • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
    • Internet users per 100 population