Since the 1990s, the majority of African countries have undergone transitions from one-party, military or autocratic rule to multiparty democracies. Improved governance has created greater opportunity for citizen engagement in public affairs, enhanced government accountability and contributed to improved macroeconomic policy-making, resulting in commendable economic growth and improvements in human development. However, obstacles remain, epitomized by post-election stalemates, unconstitutional changes of government, violent conflict and persisting fragility. The challenge for Africa will be to produce leaders, institutions and processes capable of enabling long-term, sustainable development while responding to the needs of ordinary citizens.
UNDP strengthens the capacity of African States to deliver development while expanding people's opportunity to participate in decision-making processes, particularly women, youth, marginalized groups, and the poor. UNDP also helps build responsive and accountable institutions, promotes international and regional principles of democratic governance, and shares good governance knowledge and best practices among African decision-makers. Read More