Education key as voters flood polls in Sudan
Juba – Voters in Southern Sudan flooded polling stations this week to decide whether the south of the country becomes independent from the north. The referendum is part of a peace deal signed in 2005 which ended 20 years of civil war.
In Juba, one woman said, “This is the moment that we were waiting for, we didn't want to kill one another; we just wanted to have our say.”
For the referendum’s outcome to be legally binding, 60 percent of registered voters are required to cast ballots, or the process must be repeated within 60 days of the results.
Local groups, supported by the United Nations Development Programme, are finishing months of voter education crucial to the referendum’s success.
When Southern Sudanese began casting their ballots, voter awareness appeared strong: 90 percent of those surveyed knew the date of the referendum; 95 percent knew the location of polling stations; and 98.5 percent indicated they intended to vote in the referendum.
Working with the UN Mission in Sudan through the joint UN Integrated Referendum and Electoral Division (UNIRED), UNDP is managing a US$58 million basket fund comprising the bulk of international assistance to the referendum process, some $10 million of which is allocated specifically for voter education.
The Southern Sudan Referendum Commission (SSRC) – responsible for planning, organizing and conducting the Southern Sudan referendum – was only established in July 2010 and became functional in September 2010, however, leaving just a few months to register voters and prepare for the referendum.
Under those extreme time constraints, the UN moved quickly to supporting the Commission to hold the referendum on schedule. UNDP-supported organizations have raised awareness of the referendum process to promote voter registration, participation, and ensure eligible voters can exercise their right to vote – especially among vulnerable and traditionally marginalized communities, such as women, young adults, disabled persons, and citizens in rural communities or with low literacy levels.
Key initiatives included working with Transporters Association to reach all of Southern Sudan, Deng Foundation to reach persons with disabilities, and a number of women-focused groups.
During the registration period, UNDP-managed funds also helped set up and supply some 3,000 referendum centres, supported the training of registration staff and polling staff by the SSRC, as well as the training and funding of 65 civil society organizations in both the South and North to conduct voter education.
For the polling period, UNDP also worked with International Organization for Migration to fund 154 civil society organizations in the South and North to carry out voter education activities, while UNIRED trained the organizations.
And in partnership with the United Nations Development Fund for Women, UNDP helped to fund and train 24 organizations specifically to enhance women’s participation in the referendum.
To deliver referendum information and materials as widely as possible, UNIRED used not only conventional media to communicate directly with citizens, but also funded workshops for religious leaders, teachers, traditional chiefs and representatives of local organizations – who carried the message with them back to their home communities. All of these activities were organized by SSRC and its subsidiary bodies with support from UNIRED staff on the ground.
UNDP is the lead UN agency on governance, serving 132 countries worldwide. On average, UNDP supports an election somewhere in the world every three weeks.