Made out of Africa

18 Jul 2016 by Degol Hailu and Chinpihoi Kipgen

"There is a “Made in Africa” movement in the continent. One example is the recent book with the same title by a prominent political figure in Ethiopia. The movement espouses growth in the manufacturing sector as the major driver of development. How is this movement doing so far?" We examined fifteen countries that experienced annual real GDP growth rates averaging 7% or higher over the past decade. For sure, the high growth was not limited to natural resource extraction and export. For instance, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia and Rwanda, all without significant natural resource sectors, were among the highest growing economies.  The sectors that experienced the highest growth are wholesale and retail trade; transport and communications; and construction. Each of them grew at an average annual rate of 11% or higher. In 2010, these by and large service-oriented sectors contributed 1.4%, 2.1% and 0.5% to the growth in real GDP, respectively.   The manufacturing sector grew at an average annual rate of 9%, but its importance is not impressive, representing less than 9% of GDP over the past decade. In fact, of the fifteen high growth economies, eight experienced a contraction in their manufacturing sectors. The manufacturing sector contributed about 0.4% to GDP growth … Read more

Central African Republic: Boosting the potential of artisanal diamond mining

18 Jul 2016 by George Lwanda, Extractives Policy Advisor, UNDP Africa Regional Service Centre

To reap the potential benefits of Central Africa’s diamond mining sector, the government needs to implement a range of reforms. Photo: UNDP.
Central African Republic (CAR) is on a path of possible peace and development. The rich natural resource wealth including forestry, diamonds and gold provides the basis for kick starting development. However, the state has found itself unable to fully regulate access to and exploitation of its natural resources. This has significantly eroded its revenue base resulting in a grossly underfunded fiscal position, struggling to pay its civil servants and unable to deliver basic services. The diamond sector remains the country’s principal source of revenue. CAR diamonds are renowned for generally being of high quality with 80% of them estimated to be of gem quality. The sector accounts for up to 60% of the state’s export earnings and up to 11% of the government’s fiscal revenues. The challenge is that the diamond industry is almost solely artisanal; characterised by high informality. Only as much as 2% of the artisanal miners in the country are registered and an estimated third of the diamond production illicitly leaves the country.   Despite the informality, the sector remains a source of livelihoods. Estimated data suggests that, in 2011, as much as 2.8 million people (70% of the population) were either directly or indirectly dependent on the … Read more

In Madagascar, support to Parliament will strengthen the democratic transition and rule of law

18 Jul 2016 by Alessandro Bozzini, Governance Advisor, UNDP Madagascar

undp-rba-madagascar-elections-july 2016Despite the presidential and parliamentary elections held in late 2013, the Senate was established only in February 2016. Photo: UNDP Madagascar
Appuyer le Parlement ne sert pas seulement à renforcer une institution mais peut contribuer à fixer des objectifs ambitieux qui bénéficient à l’ensemble du pays. C'est pourquoi nous avons mené, en partenariat avec l’Ambassade de France et l’Institut Electoral pour une Démocratie Durable en Afrique, deux ateliers sur le rôle, l'organisation et le fonctionnement du Sénat. Des sessions spécifiques ont été dédiées au rôle des sénateurs et des assistants parlementaires dans la promotion de la décentralisation et des questions liées au genre. Un aide-mémoire et une évaluation des besoins plus spécifiques de l’institution ont également été élaborés. … Read more

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